Homelessness in the United States
All information extracted from the 2019 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report (AHAR) to Congress.
On a single night in January 2019, there were 568,000 people experiencing homelessness in the United States. Sixty-three percent were sheltered individuals and 37 percent were unsheltered.
Homelessness increased modestly from 2018 to 2019 for the third year in a row. However, since 2007, chronic homelessness has declined overall by 20 percent.
- Homelessness increased nationally by 0.3 percent between 2018 and 2019, accounted for by a 10 percent increase in unsheltered individuals experiencing homelessness and a decrease in sheltered individuals experiencing homelessness.
- Despite recent increases in unsheltered homelessness, since 2007 two percent fewer people were experiencing homelessness in unsheltered locations.
- Seventy percent of people experiencing homelessness were adults in households without children. The remaining 30 percent of people experiencing homelessness did so as part of a family.
- Nineteen percent (or 107,069 individuals) of those experiencing homelessness were children under the age of 18.
- Eight percent (45,629 individuals) were between the ages of 18 and 24.
On a single night in 2019, about 35,000 unaccompanied youth—people under the age of 25 experiencing homelessness on their own—were experiencing homelessness. Eighty-nine percent of these individuals were between the ages of 18 and 24 and 50 percent of unaccompanied youth were unsheltered.
Nearly 96,000 individuals experiencing homelessness on a single night in January 2010 had chronic patterns of homelessness.
- Chronic homelessness among individuals increased by 9 percent between 2018 and 2019 but is 20 percent lower since 2007.
- Two-thirds of these individuals were unsheltered—staying outdoors in abandoned buildings, or other locations not suitable for human habitation rather than staying in shelters, reflecting the high degree of vulnerability of this population.*
Just over 37,000 veterans were experiencing homelessness in the U.S.
- Since 2009, the number of veterans experiencing homelessness has decreased by 49 percent (36,000 individuals).
* Chronically homeless individuals are individuals with disabilities who have either been continuously experiencing homelessness for one year or more or who have experienced at least four episodes of homelessness in the past three years where the combined length of time homeless in those occasions is at least 12 months.